United States report confirms 2016 as warmest year on record
11 August, 2017, 02:08 | Author: Becky Perry
The surface of the Earth experienced record warmth for a third consecutive year, as well as other attributes consistent with a warming Earth, according to the 2016 State of the Climate report released Thursday.
The agency's annual report, released Thursday, was based on contributions from almost 500 scientists from more than 60 nations.
The temperature record had been reported in the beginning of the year by the United States and numerous other counterpart agencies around the world.
It says that 2016 surpassed 2015 as the warmest year in 137 years of recordkeeping. Both land and sea surface temperatures set new highs.
Report suggests U.S. is already feeling the impact of climate change Average temperatures throughout the United States have risen rapidly since 1980, according to a new report.
Meanwhile global sea level reached new highs previous year and was on average about 82 mm (3.25 inches) higher than the 1993 level.
In the past billionaire Trump has called climate change "a hoax" invented by the Chinese, dismissing scientific evidence of human contributions to rising temperatures.
Climate indicators include various types of greenhouse gases concentration, temperatures throughout the atmosphere, ocean and land, sea level, ocean salinity and snow cover to name a few. The average surface temperature of the planet has risen about 1.1 degrees Celsius (2.0 degrees Fahrenheit) since the late 19th century, and the past 35 years have seen a majority of the warming, with 16 of the 17 warmest years on record occurring since 2001, according to NASA.
"Last year's record heat resulted from the combined influence of long-term global warming and a strong El Niño early in the year", the report said.
When this dependency is taken into account, the likelihood of these three consecutive record-breaking years occurring since 1880 is about 0.03 percent in the absence of human-caused climate change.
"Drought in 2016 was among the most extensive in the post-1950 record", said the report.
The draft report was compiled by scientists at 13 federal agencies and concluded that Americans were already starting to feel the result of climate change, despite expectations that the change would not be felt for several more decades.
The report said that levels of carbon dioxide (CO2), methane and nitrous oxide - all the major greenhouse gases that drive global warming - had risen to new heights. That's not only a record in modern observations, but more than has been found in ice cores dating back 800,000 years.
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The report confirmed what NOAA, along with the World Meteorological Organization, announced in January about global temperatures. NOAA's report pointed out that the heat in 2016 resulted from a strong El Niño early in the year and long-term global warming.
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