Slow Eating Promotes Weight Loss, Reports New Study

15 February, 2018, 07:47 | Author: Hope Soto
  • Slow Eating May Reduce Obesity Risk, Study Says

They found that people who ate slower were less likely to be obese; but we don't know from this study whether changing your eating speed would work as a weight-loss strategy.

The researchers, who published their findings in the journal BMJ Open, said they set out to analyze "the effects of changes in lifestyle habits on changes in obesity".

Eating speed and other behavior were self-reported in the study. Eating quickly has previously been linked to impaired glucose tolerance and insulin resistance, which can affect metabolism and fat-burning. An analysis of these answers compared to the BMI and waist measurements of the respondents revealed that slow eaters had a 42 percent lower chance of being obese compared to fast eaters, while people who ate at normal speed had a 29 percent lower chance. It is worth noting that in Japan a BMI of 25 or over is considered obese, whereas in the United Kingdom 25 to 29 is overweight and only 30 and above is considered obese. "It takes fast eaters longer to feel full simply because they don't allow time for the gut hormones to tell the brain to stop eating".

Although the study speculates there is an association with eating speed and obesity, it does not prove that eating speed either causes or prevents obesity.

Interestingly, skipping breakfast does nothing to decrease weight.

Their weight was also assessed using their body mass index (BMI) score and their waist circumference was measured.

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The study found that people who followed these two behaviours were less likely to gain weight and had a smaller waist circumference. Compared to people who ate dinner within 2 hours of sleeping (at least 3 times a week), those who didn't were 10% less likely to be obese (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.86 to 0.94).

The study associated skipping breakfast with obesity and excess weight, also confirming previous studies on the importance of breakfast for people who want to lose weight. While that's great news for people who spend ages eating their food, it's worrying for people who enjoy a bit of a midnight snack, at speed, while sitting in front of the TV of an evening. "Interventions aimed at reducing eating speed may be effective in preventing obesity and lowering the associated health risks".

"When you tend to eat quickly, you may miss out on your body's cues for satiety, or fullness, and end up eating more".

Referring to the study's methods, however, he warned that relying on the participants themselves to score whether they eat slowly or quickly was "considerably subjective" and may skew the data.

The slow eaters tended to be healthier and to have a healthier lifestyle than either the fast or normal speed eaters.

Some experts believe when people eat faster there's less time for the "I'm full" signal to reach the brain, increasing the risk of overeating.

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